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Site Based Council

What is School-Based Decision-Making?

School-based decision-making is "a … shared process in which the local school becomes the place where most of the policies and plans for schooling take place." It brings together people who know best what all students in that school need to learn and succeed.A school council (usually the principal, three teachers and two parents) implements school-based decision-making. The current year's SBDM Councils follow the narrative on this page.

What are roles of SBDM Councils?

School councils have the responsibility to set school policy and make decisions in areas specified by law; to provide an environment to enhance students’ achievement; and to help the school meet the goals established by Kentucky’s education reform laws. Councils:

  • Are subject to open meetings laws;
  • Set their own meeting agendas and frequency of meetings;
  • Receive training;
  • Develop their own bylaws/operating procedure;
  • Have liability insurance provided by the local school board for all members.
What Councils Do:
  • Develop policies to enhance student achievement and meet education reform goals.
  • When a vacancy occurs, select a principal from a list of candidates recommended by the superintendent.
  • Decide how many people to employ in each job classification, i.e., decide how many teachers, instructional assistants, custodians, and so on.
  • Provide consultation to the principal whenever there is a vacancy.
  • Select some resources
  • Determine
    • Local school budget;
    • Organization of Primary; and
    • A school safety plan.
  • Set policy in the following areas:
    • Enhancing the school environment;
    • Curriculum, i.e., what to teach;
    • Assigning staff time for instructional and non-instructional programs;
    • Assigning students to classes and programs;
    • Developing the school schedule;
    • Use of school space;
    • Instructional practices, i.e., how to teach;
    • Discipline and classroom management;
    • Committees; and
    • Extracurricular activities and programs.
  • Develop processes for deciding:
    • Whether school is in line with state standards;
    • how the school will use technology; and how the school determines whether its programs work.

Advice on conducting parent elections:
Kentucky Congress of Parents and Teachers

Kentucky Association of School Councils

Kentucky Education Association

For other information:
Shelby County Public Schools